Tosa Europe Today
Tosa Europe Today
Issue nr 9 - June 2012
… since the last edition of Tosa Europe Today was published. Nine months to be exact. A period known by diligently seeking new articles and meeting with contemptuous and deafening silence.
But… we wouldn’t be honourable Tosa fanciers if we gave up the search for articles and news.
So here it is: the first
edition of Tosa Europe Today in 2012. We stress ‘first’, because we hope to publish at least a second edition of our magazine this year. It would help enormously if you would email any contribution about your Tosa or kennel, the dogshow you attended or the training you did, the special achievement of your Tosa to: email@example.com
In this issue you can read that Robert Schol, a Dutch Tosa breeder, sets great store by the Tosa’s health. In Breeder Spotlight Dohyo Kennels presents their vision. Marcella Vennik took the BH exam with her Tosa Ami and Candy Naquin reports about the World Dog Show 2012 in Salzburg.
Thank you so much for your contribution to Tosa Europe Today: Candy, Evie (behind the scenes...), Iuliana & Vlad, Robert and Marcella! Without your help, we would not be able to publish this edition!
Enjoy reading Tosa Europe Today 2012-1!
Mariska Schrieken & Loes Helwegen
Editors Tosa Europe Today
...his commitment to and vision at the breed
Tosa Europe Today magazine had an interview with Robert Schol,
Where did your love for dogs come from? At what age did you own your first dog, and…was it already a Tosa?
My love for dogs came from my grandma, I think. She had a lot of different dogs through the years. My first experience with dogs was when she returned from a trip to her sister in Connecticut, back in 1974. She had a little Pug with her. It was a gift from her sister, who occaisionally bred Pugs back in these days. Now, that Pug was a male and his name was Yankee. Everytime when we visited my grandparents, we took the Pug to the beach for a walk. He was adorable and very obedient. It was also my grandma's last dog.
The first dog I owned, was a Dogo Argentino; that was back in 1993. Soon after we got another one, also a Dogo Argentino, bred in Argentina. Both were males and thinking afterwards, this was no good idea. They were okay for us and for children in the neighborhood, but very difficult towards other animals and eachother. We never bred the Dogo Argentino. After the last one passed away, we decided that there was no room for a Dogo Argentino in our house anymore.
How and where did you get to know the Tosa breed?
In the early 90's there was a Dutch dogmagazine named "Dogs With Spirit"; a magazine dedicated to dogs of FCI Group II, different Terriër breeds and other hard-to-find breeds. In one of the issues we found an article about the Tosa. It was written by Frens Kappe of Kennel v/d Akkelei. Mariska and I were immediatly interested in this breed and we made a phonecall to Mr. Kappe. We asked him if he was still breeding Tosa's, since this magazine was a couple of years old. He replied that he was still breeding. We made an appointment to meet him and his Tosa's. A few months later we got our first Tosa from him. That was in spring 1994. Her name was Morajama Kazai.
Robert with Dyashida Tosakengolds
Who were the Tosa’s you originally started out with and can you tell us something about their looks and character?
We started with our second Tosa, her name was Akira Mitchiko v/d Akkelei, but only after learning more about the breed. Akira was born in 1995 and she had her first litter in the summer of 1998. She was bred to DogStar's Yamato. Both were physical sound and had a good head-type. Their offspring were a bit different in type, which is not unusual when you do a total outcross breeding. As far as character goes, I can tell you that they all had an excellent character. Some people forget, that the owner is responsible for the behaviour of his dog, always. We can't afford unnecessary aggressive dogs in our society.
You were one of the first in Western Europe to hold and breed Tosa’s. Can you describe the "Tosa climate" in these early years?
Back in the early days there was a lot of inbreeding. Many Tosa's came from the same breeder here in Holland. That changed when Lew Glogower went to the World Dog Show in Hungary, back in 1996, with Yokozuna Tosa Satsuki Hime. Miss Burnett went there too with Ryoma. Some Hungarians imported dogs from the USA. Internet was not that widespread like nowadays. A friend of us went to the USA and got me an issue of "DogWorld Magazine", with some adds and small announcements of US Tosa breeders. That's how we made contact with Lew in New Jersey. At the end of 1996 I spent ten days at Lew's place and he took me to Canada, to Dennis von Hoff in Pennsylvania and Michelle Jones in Knoxville. In the same period we also made contact with Yoko Takeda and Mike Galli in California. Early 1997 we imported a female from Lew's Sakura Kennel. All contact was made by fax!!!
What were important features in your breeding program?Have they changed over the years?
The only problem in those days (and still is with puppy-millers) was that nobody payed attention to health issues. It seemed to me that nobody cared about that. From that moment on, Mariska and I decided to check in any way the hips before we start breeding. It was not possible for us to demand that for male Tosa's in foreign countries, simply because it was nowhere obliged. In the beginning we did that voluntary as we did a couple of years later with the elbows and patella. Now all our breeding stock and their offspring are DNA certified. Today it is standard here to check official the hips, elbows and patella. All of my dogs have an official FCI certificate with the results of the hip and elbow exam. Only the hip-score is mentioned on the pedigree of the offspring. As far as I know, I am the only Tosa breeder in the world who takes a DNA sample of both parents and their offspring. I can tell you that DNA gets more and more important in dogbreeding if you want to exclude inherited diseases.
What is your favorite Tosa ever and why is he/she so special to you?
I don't have a special one. All the Tosa's I own and have owned are special to me. They all are different in many ways. But okay, my todays favourite is Megasthenes Grand Slam by Gulch also known as Storm. If you talk to her, it seems she understands you. She is so sweet, but she can also be, ehm... not so sweet towards other dogs. She gets along good with my male Tosa, but she sees the other females as enemies. But okay, I can handle it. I keep them seperate, I have to.
Robert's special girl Storm
What is the advice you would like to give to breeders, regardless if they are long-time breeders or novices in the Tosa breed?
- Never badmouth other breeders while talking with prospective puppy buyers. They are not interested in private matter.
- If a puppy owner has a problem with his puppy, try to help him or her to solve the problem. Never turn your back and say "it's your own fault".
- Breed just with one race, in this case the Tosa. We don't want mixed-breeds, do we? No, we want pure-bred Tosa's.
- Don't breed more than one litter a year. Having a litter is a responsible thing, you can focus yourself for the full 100% to that litter.
- Don't breed for economic reasons. Lots of litters are dumped on used-products sites, it's a shame.
- Breed only to improve the breed. You can only improve a breed by crossbreeding in combination with excellent official health-scores (but it's no guarantee).
- Try to breed with different breeding-couples. This to diversivy the gene-pole in a positive way.
- Don't use the champion-dog time after time. Many people did that too, you will reduce the gene-pole.
- Import fresh blood from time till time. Sometimes a female can be a better addition to your breeding program than a male, in some cases!
- Don't breed the Tosa for illegal purposes. In most countries in the world dog-fighting is illegal. Don't let governments ban a breed because of this.
- Don't be afraid to give an 18 month written guarantee with your puppy.
- Promote the breed and your kennel with a good website, in both English and your native language. Don't use a Google translator. Google is not able to translate proper.
I would like to ask you all, if you have any feedback, positive or negative, please contact us: firstname.lastname@example.org
World Dog Show 2012 in Salzburg
– Candy Naquin, SouthEast Tosa
Thank you for asking me to share my experience at the WDS with your readers. First let me say that my trip to Europe was AMAZING! Evie Sabarna, her mother Ula, and the fabulous Yoshi were the best companions I could have ever had! It was so great to meet Bernd Leikauf and his lovely wife Kristen. We had so much fun and so many laughs together during this time... It was really great! The people of Europe were so nice and friendly and the country was glorious. This is my first experience at a dog show of this size.
The World Dog Show 2012 in Salzburg was so much fun! The venue to me was really great and accessible to everyone. They really put alot of planning into this event to make it easy for so many contestants. The rings were really big which is super for Tosa as they like to have their own space... haha! The judge Sinko Stefan Slovenia was correct in bringing one Tosa at a time and seemed to spend alot of time and thought on each individual Tosa. That is the correct way to be I think to give proper judgement to each dog and their handler. No one wants to spend so much time and energy with a dog to be dismissed after 20 seconds. For this he is to be commended. I must say however that I did not always agree with his pick... haha!
It was such a joy to meet many people in the Tosa community all in one place with their amazing Tosa’s. The comraderie was super and the competition fierce as it should be. Emotions and passions ran high as to be expected from Tosa owners. It was an amazing Show for me to be a part of and I am thankful. There were many great Tosa’s there and a few that really stood out for me. I must say that H-Yoshi Twierdza Samuraja was a joy to watch with his handler Nikolajs Mirosnicenko. I was really proud for them and the joy on Evie's face was priceless!
I was very taken with a young brindle female in the Open Class: Tandoku od Janusow. She is perfect for me and her handler did a really great job. They were so great to watch. I am curious to see how they do in the future.
The World Winner 2012 and Best of Breed Celine Birengo had very good movement. The World Winner Bon'yari Birengo has nice dark red color and he is a big heavy male.
The Junior World Winner and Best Junior Ejiro Mazurski Samuraj has really excellent movement that he inherited from his father C'Chinki Devoted Friend.
The Junior World Winner Forever Amazing Birengo has a great dark red coat and typical Tosa form. Will be nice to see her progress.
We were very close to a really nice male that I was quite impressed with. I watched him throughout the day and will continue to track his progress. He is Yamato Go Komokaisou owned by Bela Incze.
I must say again that I met so many incredible Tosa’s and their owners and handlers during this Show. I can't possibly mention everyone because there were so many and truthfully it was a bit overwhelming. There was incredible energy and many highs and of course a few lows for the owners and handlers. I was very pleased to see that almost all of the Tosa’s competing appeared to truly enjoy the competition and attention.
The one person that truly stands out to me from WDS is Crisan Nicoleta from Nik Majestic. She is a beautiful person inside and out and the passion she has for her great Tosa’s is pure. She is a great Tosa owner and I hope to see her in Romania in October. The WDS for me was a really wonderful experience and I can not wait until next year to do it all over again. I just hope that Evie will be ready to put up with this American for 2 weeks by then! Haha... thanks for allowing me to write these words, it has been a pleasure!
Dohyo Kennels – Iuliana & Vlad
For us, everything started in December 2005. Vlad’s “craziness” started even a year earlier when he bought his first Tosa – Bronx – from Mollos de Harghita Kennel.
We met at a dog exhibition, organized by Dac Moloss Club on December 1st, 2005. That is when I first met a Tosa, Bronx (Imre Mollos de Harghita), a spectacular appearance. Bronx was a tall Tosa, strong and agile in his movement. His eyes had a smart look, he had an air of superiority and dominance; characteristic for the breed. He took my breath away: love at first sight.
The strings between us and this breed was underlined also by the admiration and the pleasure we feel to enjoy their precious company as comrades, not as subordinates. We believe in the success of a real team with strong partners, based on mutual respect.
In May 2006, we acquired a second male Kuma (Jello Mollos de Harghita) and in October 2006 we enlarged our family with Uzushio Tosa Centrum. Uzushio is a male, the both of us were in love with for a long time already.
Uzushio (left) and Kuma (right)
Uzushio was three years old when we got him from Incze Bela, the owner of Mollos de Harghita Kennel. He is a strong, dynamic and active male and has adapted very easy from living in a yard to living a quiet life in an apartment. Of course, under the condition of being walked very often and involved in activities outside. Although our first impression of Uzushio being serious and firm is correct, he also is a very sentimental guy. Always “ready” when we talk about other dogs or to protect the house, but easy to handle and loving to family members.
Unfortunately, not all Tosa’s have this kind of behavior. Our dogs are educated without using violence and are socialized, integrated in the community. A Tosa, having a strong personality, which has not been educated from small age with strong hand – but without violence – will be an difficult adult; even dangerous as I may say so.
In June 2009, four years after our first Tosa came to live with us, we welcomed our first female Yoko (Menadel Daiko) in our family.
If you are lucky to be surrounded by this wonderful dogs almost automatically you turn into a proper breeder and promoter. From “wishing“ to “be“ a breeder is a long way, with a lot of obstacles. To strengthen our new position as “breeder”, we started studying at the Veterinary Medical School, in order to be able to understand and correctly treat any health problems that can occur.
Daiko (left) and Imre (right)
From 2005 till now, we have not breed a litter because we strongly believe we are at the beginning of a long road. We emphasize “beginning” because we are not confusing the successes at exhibitions and the joy of being surrounded by beautiful and healthy dogs, with the responsibility of being a proper breeder. The results appear only after years of hard work and study. You can learn from experienced or non experienced breeders, but for sure the best is to learn from somebody else’s mistakes not from yours.
With our “Japanese” it is simple: what you give is what you get from your dog. If you are strong, if you know what your expectations are and you know how to enforce them, you will receive respect, trust, love and not at last: obedience. This is the secret of our loving and calm family. We are partners, we know how to receive but also how to give: we are a team!
On May, 12th 2012 Marcella Vennik’s Tosa Ami (12.02.2007) passed her BH exam. Congratulations Marcella & Ami! A great achievement: as far as we know, Ami is the first Tosa in the Netherlands to pass this particular test - worldwide there are only a few Tosa’s who accomplished this test.
Marcella is an instructor at the "Rottweiler Werkgroep Flevoland" where she has been training with Ami. She’s preparing her Tosa Gin (Tosaworld Atina, 27.10.2010) to attend the BH test at the end of this year. Good luck Marcella & Gin!
Team in action
The results of the jury (left) and 'We did it!' (right)
The BH test
The BH (BegleitHund) test was developed as a preliminary character evaluation. It was designed to keep aggressive, sharp, shy, or nervous dogs from participating in the sport. DVG (Deutscher Verband der Gebrauchshundsportvereine) rules say dogs of all sizes and breeds are eligible; the minimum age is 12 months. The only allowable collar is a chain type "choke" collar, and the lead, when used, is attached to the dead ring. Generally, scores or points are not announced, rather the judge evaluates whether a handler/dog team have passed. Part A must be passed for the team to do Part B.
· Part A
Obedience exercises should show the bond between the handler/dog team. The dog should show a willingness to work and pure joy to be out on the field. The obedience exercises are done in groups of two dogs/handlers. Both teams report to the judge and state their name and their dogs name. The judge then directs each team to their appropriate locations. While one team is performing the heeling exercises, the other team is doing the long down. Any exercises on leash should be done with a loose lead. The leash is to be held in the left hand. Attach leash to the dead ring of a choke (fur saver) type collar. Leather and prong collars are not permitted.
· Part B
This consists of tests to evaluate the dog's ability to function in heavy traffic. These exercises are to be conducted in the open with areas with some traffic, but not inconveniencing the general public. For this reason, only dogs that pass Part A may take this part of the test. It is a time consuming test, and a maximum of 15 dogs per day per judge may be tested. There is no point allocation per exercise; the judge will evaluate the dog's performance and its ability to do the exercises well.
How Dogs Digest Different Foods - Sy Guth
The focus of this article is to explain how the dog’s digestive system is designed to work. It also discusses some notes on supplements in the dog’s diet – advantages and possible dangerous side effects. In 2007, I did a mini study with Golden Retriever puppies that was published in the December / January 2009 issue of NZ Dog World. These puppies were on different diets and all except two of the puppies were given added supplements as part of their diets. The study used a combination of diets mainly composed of dry dog food, with one puppy on a raw / home-cooked diet and one on a raw diet to 7 months and then dry dog food. The puppies that did the best in terms of hip score results at a year old were: Best – raw / home-cooked diet with no supplements / hip results 1:1; Second best – dry dog food combination with supplements / hip results 1:2; Third best – dry dog food combination with supplements / hip results 4:1. The digestive action on the different diets is important to the results achieved.
Dog’s digestive system
To understand how dogs digest different foods, one needs to understand how the dog’s digestive system works. Once understood, one can then determine what steps can be taken to compensate for any short-comings in diet, particularly in the first 18 months of a puppy’s life to ensure their bones, teeth, and tissues get a good start to life.
Dogs are carnivorous animals. They have sharp, blade-like molars designed for slicing, rather than grinding food. This design is very effective for shearing meat off bone. Their jaws are single hinged
and designed to open wide to swallow chunks of meat whole.
The saliva of carnivorous animals does not contain digestive enzymes. When eating, a mammalian carnivore gorges itself rapidly and does not chew its food. Since proteolytic (protein-digesting) enzymes cannot be liberated in the mouth due to the danger of autodigestion (damaging the oral cavity), carnivores do not need to mix their food with saliva; they simply bite off huge chunks of meat and swallow them whole.
They have a short small intestinal tract about 3 to 6 times the body length. The stomach capacity is comparatively large, 60% to 70% of the total volume of the digestive tract. The digestive enzymes are in the stomach and effective in digesting animal protein and fat. The colon is short, simple, and smooth. The liver can detoxify vitamin A and produce vitamin C.
The ability of the carnivore stomach to secrete hydrochloric acid is exceptional. Carnivores are able to keep their gastric pH down around 1-2 even with food present. This is necessary to facilitate protein breakdown and to kill the abundant dangerous bacteria often found in decaying flesh foods. Humans, on the other hand, have a pH of around 4 to 5. Quite simply, dogs are carnivorous, with digestive systems designed to process protein and fat. A digestibility chart for dogs would go something like this: Egg white 100%; muscle meats, fish, and chicken, 92%; organ meats, such as kidney and liver, 90%; milk and cheese 89%; wheat 64% and corn 54% (Orijen – Biological Food for Cats and Dogs: White Paper
For this reason, dogs have a difficult time digesting grains and other complex carbohydrates and most carbohydrates pass through their system undigested. High prolonged temperature processing creates molecular bonds between protein and carbohydrates that interfere with the dog’s ability to digest proteins, specifically lysine. High temperature cooking destroys amino acids methionine and hisidine as well as vitamins B complex and C. In 1946, a study on cooking pork at high temperatures using autoclave showed that the amino acid cystine was reduced to 56% of its raw nutritional state but that other amino acids present were not severely affected (The Effect of Severe Heat Treatment upon the Amino Acids of Fresh and Cured Pork
Dr David Kronfeld has written, “no carbohydrates need be provided in the diet for pups after weaning or adult dogs, not even for those subjected to hard work. The liver is easily able to synthesize sufficient glucose (from amino acids derived from protein and glycerol derived from fats) for transport in the blood and utilization in other tissues” (Kronfeld, 1978; Kronfeld, 1982).
Fruits and vegetables supply natural protector nutrients like B-vitamins, essential minerals and enzymes that enhance immunity and digestive motility. This explains why so many dogs eat grass when they have an upset stomach, or just as part of their normal daily intake. Animals naturally seek out and consume the plants that their bodies need. Plants (botanicals) serve as tonics that strengthen organs, glands, and tissues. Biotanicals are also natural antioxidants that promote natural health.
For the carnivorous dog, animal proteins are considered complete and plant proteins are considered incomplete in regards to amino acid profiles. Plant proteins are normally missing arginine, taurine, methionine, lysine and tryptophan. To take an example, corn does not contain glycine, lysine or tryptophan. Meat, on the other hand, contains all the essential amino acids. Likewise, eggs are considered to have all essential amino acids in sufficient amounts for dogs. If dogs do not absorb enough protein, their bodies will go into a negative nitrogen balance resulting in protein being pulled from muscle to provide the body protein the dog needs. This will result in muscle wasting, loss of body weight, and protein deficiency. Diets below 15% protein are considered at risk to puppies. For this reason, it would be unusual to find a dog food on the market below 18% protein.
The question was asked – why does the raw or fresh meat diet produce good bones and tissue and lower incidents of hip dysplasia? The explanation above goes a long way to explaining how the dog digests good quality protein – raw or fresh to feed the body to providefor sound bones and tissue.
Do supplements have a place in the dog’s diet? The answer to that question depends on the dog’s type of diet. Vitamin C is needed to produce healthy bones, teeth, and tissues. The lack of vitamin C results in scurvy – loose joints and eventually death. My mini study showed remarkable success feeding an 80% dry / 20% lightly cooked fresh meat diet with supplements that included 460 mg daily of a molecularly natural vitamin C. The argument was put to me that meats do not contain vitamin C, so why does the raw or fresh meat diet work in this respect? In looking at normal nutrient charts, vitamin C is not normally listed for meats. This is deceiving in part, because as discussed, the do digests and utilizes raw or fresh meats differently from humans. Further, meats do contain vitamin C. The Wikipedia entry on Vitamin C contains charts showing the amount of vitamin C that can be found in 100 gram servings: Calf liver raw – 36 mg; beef liver raw – 31 mg; oysters raw – 30 mg; cod roe raw – 30 mg; pork liver raw – 23 mg; lamb brain boiled – 17 mg; chicken liver fried – 13 mg. Whereas, fresh goats milk only has 2 mg of vitamin C per 100 grams.
A large breed dog will eat much more than 100 grams a day – about 10 to 14 times more or 1 kg to 1.4 kg a day. Using an average from the above units would provide approximately 25 mg per 100 gram serving and would mean a dog eating 1 kg to 1.4 kg of raw or fresh meat daily would take in 250 mg to 350 mg of vitamin C a day. Add to this the biotanicals that are richer in vitamin C than meats, and one starts to come close to the 460 mg level of vitamin C needed to affect the positive results in my study. This provides the understanding of why raw or fresh meat diets with some biotanicals are able to produce good hip and elbow results.
The Wikipedia offers this study that, although done on humans, helps to explain why dogs derive vitamin C from raw or fresh meats (Vitamin C
). In 1928 the Arctic anthropologist Vilhjalmur Stefansson attempted to prove his theory of how the Eskimo’s are able to avoid scurvy with almost no plant food in their diet, despite the disease striking European Arctic explorers living on similar high-meat diets. Stefansson theorised that the natives get their vitamin C from fresh meat that is minimally cooked. Starting in February 1928, for one year he and a colleague lived on an exclusively minimally cooked meat diet while under medical supervision; they remained healthy. (Later studies done after vitamin C could be quantified in mostly-raw traditional food diets of the Yukon, Inuit, and Métís of the Northern Canada, showed that their daily intake of vitamin C averaged between 52 and 62 mg/day, an amount approximately the dietary reference intake (DRI), even at times of the year when little plant-based food were eaten.
Vitamin C is found naturally in many raw foods. When I submitted the mini study article for publication, my main concern was that some might start feeding their puppies / dogs commonly found synthetic vitamin C. Let’s look at fabricated vitamin C. There are two types – synthetic and wholly natural vitamin C. First a look at the chemically produced synthetic vitamin C commonly found in health food and grocery stores.
The Wikipedia informs us that synthetic Vitamin C supplement is produced from glucose by two main routes. The Reichstein process, developed in the 1930’s, uses a single pre-fermentation followed by a purely chemical route. The modern two-step fermentation process, originally developed in China in the 1960’s, uses additional fermentation to replace part of the later chemical stages. Both processes
yield approximately 60% vitamin C from the glucose feed.
The manufacturers of synthetic vitamin C use chemicals in their process and most do not add any other beneficial ingredients to the ascorbic acid to make it synthesis as needed by the body. Ascorbic acid produced in this manner can often lead to upset in the stomach and to solve this side affect buffered products have been introduced such as Ester-C. I recently reviewed the label on a bottle of synthetic vitamin C at one of New Zealand’s leading grocery store chains. This vitamin C is made in New Zealand by a leading supplier of supplements. It was the ONLY solely vitamin C product available in this store. The ingredients read as follows: Vitamin C (buffered) 500 mg, tabletting aids, colour-natural, flavour – nature identical. Contains sulfur dioxide, aspartame (phenylketonurics – contains phenylalanine). This list contains two chemicals that need to be understood – sulfur dioxide and aspartame.
The Wikipedia writes (Molecular make up of Sulphur Dioxide
), Sulfur dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula SO2. It is produced by volcanoes and in various industrial processes. Since coal and petroleum often contain sulfur compounds, their combustion generates sulfur dioxide. Sulfur dioxide is toxic in large amounts. It or its conjugate base bisulfite is produced biologically as an intermediate in both sulfate-reducing organisms and in sulfur oxidizing bacteria as well. Sulfur dioxide has no role (PSR’s) and abolishes the Hering –Breuer inflation reflex.
Aspartame is a chemical used as a sweetener most commonly in diet soft drinks. It breaks down and goes into the blood stream. Dr Janet Starr Hull has a website
naming and discussing some 92 side effects that can be caused by aspartame. She writes in part: “Aspartame may trigger, mimic, or cause the following illnesses: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Epstein-Barr, Post-Polio Syndrome, Lyme Disease, Grave’s Disease, Meniere’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease, ALS, Epilepsy, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), EMS, Hypothyroidism, Mercury sensitivity from Amalgam fillings, Fibromyalgia, Lupus, non-Hodgkins, Lymphoma, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). These are not allergies or sensitivities, but diseases and disease syndromes. Aspartame poisoning is commonly misdiagnosed because aspartame symptoms mock textbook ‘disease’ symptoms, such as Grave’s Disease.”
Most important, is the fact that nearly all synthetic vitamin C is made with chemicals and lacks added ingredients to make the ascorbic acid supplement molecularly natural so that proper synthesis in the body can aid in the healthy formation of bones, teeth, and tissues.
In my study with puppies, I used a totally natural vitamin C made from fruits and vegetables with NO added chemicals. The GNLD Scientific Advisory Board states that using a molecularly natural Vitamin C, causes the vitamin C to work in the body longer and more affectively. They have determined that the following is what they classify as molecularly natural – equal to 4 small whole oranges. It took 2 of these tablets with a total of 460 mg to get the positive results in my study – hence 8 small whole oranges daily.
I used only 460 mg daily of the GNLD Vitamin C and achieved good results. The fact that this brand of vitamin C is made wholly from fruits and vegetables with no chemicals and contains all the ingredients of whole oranges, means the dogs are better able to digest and utilize it. It also means that it stays in the body longer. Most synthetic vitamin C goes through the body in 2 hours. Because vitamin C goes through the body, it needs to be replenished daily. I am not in favour of feeding dogs large doses of synthetic vitamin C and I worry about the side effects that might be caused from the use of chemicals.
I believe because the GNLD vitamin C products are made wholly from fruits and vegetables and involve no chemical processes and contain the added ingredients that you find in a whole orange, that I needed less per day of the vitamin C than most vitamin C recommendations for dogs - in fact, 50% to 85% less. Joanne Carson, founder of Epi Guardian Angels, recommends 1,000 to 1,500 mg daily for large dogs with home cooked meals. Dr Belfield in 1981 recommended 500 to 1,000 mg for large breed puppies up to 4 months and then 1,000 to 3,000 mg daily from 4 months to 18 months, increasing gradually. For adult dogs he recommends 3,000 to 6,000 mg daily (Wendell, Belfield & Zucker, 1981). Dr Billinghurst, in his book, ‘The Barf Diet’, recommends supplementing vitamin C with 200 mg per KG of the weight of the dog.
By no means am I the first to suggest supplements are good for dogs. Dr Wendell Belfield, D.V.M and Martin Zucker first published their book, ‘How To Have A Healthier Dog, The Benefits of Vitamins and Minerals for Your Dog’s Life Cycles’, in 1981. The book was published after 15 years of testing megadoses of injectable liquid vitamin C on dogs diagnosed with acute cases of distemper, which was, at the time, a fatal disease prior to the invention of the distemper vaccine. Dr Belfield initially doubted his theory of administering megadoses of liquid vitamin C to these doomed dogs would be of any help, but the dogs were doomed to die so he reasoned there was nothing to lose. To his surprise, all the dogs treated survived and he went on to test vitamin C on other ailments. The forward to the book is by Dr Linus Pauling who is credited with his research into vitamin C on a human level. In the forward, Dr Pauling states, “An indication of the amount of vitamin C that is needed for good health is provided by determining the amount of this substance made by various animal species. It is found that the amount made is approximately proportional to the body weight. The average animal weighing 16 pounds makes between 200 and 2,000 milligrams of vitamin C per day, with animals of some species synthesizing the smaller amount and those of other species synthesizing the larger amount. Dogs and cats are in the first group, in that they synthesize only about 200 milligrams of vitamin C per day (for a 16-pound animal), only about 1/5 as much as animals of most other species synthesize. It is probably for this reason that a large amount of supplementary vitamin C is important for the preservation of the best of health in dogs” (Wendell, Belfield & Zucker, 1981).
Going back to the commercial diet, I think it is important here to emphasis that the diet I cited in the December / January 2009 issue of NZ Dog World, was not a dry food only diet. The step-down protein diet only reduced the protein in the dry food part of the diet which was stepped down from 24% to 20% by using 1/3 puppy food and 2/3 senior food. My diet also contains 20% fresh meat / vegetable dog roll that is roughly 85% meat, 8% vegetables, and 2% rice. It is lightly cooked for 15 minutes at a temperature between 80C and 95C. Cooking at this temperature for a short duration preserves the natural amino acids, vitamins, and other nutrients. Added to this is 1 teaspoon daily of Dr Kruger Joint and Muscle formula that contains 4 digestive enzymes, 64 amino acids, and probiotics plus some other nutrients. And last, but not least was 460 mg of molecularly natural GNLD Vitamin C. So my puppies and adult dogs are receiving fresh meat and vegetables, digestive enzymes, amino acids, probiotics and vitamin C in addition to the dry dog food.
Would this be my choice of dog diets if I were not a breeder looking for a commercially available diet to keep dogs healthy? In a word – no. I would be feeding a raw or fresh mostly meat with some vegetable diet because I believe that is the best diet for dogs and will achieve the best results in regards to healthy bones, tissue, and longer life. However, getting puppy owners to feed a raw or fresh meat diet has proved unsuccessful for me. Since the first year to 18 months of a puppy’s life is important to how sound that puppy will be throughout the rest of its life, I endeavor to seek answers outside the traditional ‘box’.
A further question has been put to me - do you reduce the protein in a raw or fresh meat diet? I suspect that you would not reduce the protein level in a natural food high protein diet. The only way you could do that is to increase the amount of vegetables. Some types of vegetables, overfed, can cause problems for dogs in the form of hypothyroidism. As a side note, it is worth remembering that raw root vegetables are toxic to dogs and must be cooked.
Would feeding the puppies a raw or fresh meat / high protein diet result in growth spurts? Because their bodies would be utilizing the food better and achieving better health in their bones and tissues, the growth spurts may not be a problem. A breeder in Italy has sent me photographs of a litter of 6-month-old puppies and all looked in proportion. These puppies have been reared on Orijen food manufactured in Canada that contains no grain. It is 75% fresh fish/meat protein and 25% sea vegetable food. It’s not that dissimilar from what is produced locally here in New Zealand by Butch in their Black Label dog roll.
In conclusion, over the past 6 years, I have trialed three different dry dog foods on puppies and they all resulted in growth spurts when the protein was not reduced, even when adding 20% fresh meat dog roll.
I do not believe that one can mix a dry dog food diet and fresh meat diet and get consistently good results without reducing the level of protein to stem the growth spurts. Nor can one only use a ‘normal’ dry dog food without reducing the protein. By normal, I mean one that contains the normal meats (proteins) and grains (carbohydrates).
Nearly all dry dog foods on the market today contain around 40% carbohydrates in the form of grains. The fusion of carbohydrates and proteins make the protein difficult for dogs to digest. Dogs are not able to digest the protein in dry foods the same as raw / fresh foods.
Adding a supplement that contains digestive enzymes that act in the dog’s stomach will aid the breakdown of the dry food and adding probiotics will clean the intestinal walls and enable the dog to absorb more of the nutrients from dry dog foods. Adding a molecularly natural vitamin C to a dry dog food diet will restore the vitamin C naturally found in raw / fresh food diet.
March 2009. Permission was given for reprint by NZ Dog World Magazine and Sy Guth.
Sy Guth's articles on dog nutrition and hip dysplasia have been published in New Zealand Dog World for the past three years. Semi-retired, she now spends her time doing freelance writing on topics that interest her. This is a lady who finds the world an interesting place and, best to say, she doesn't like being pigeon-holed into any one category.
Sy Guth’s latest book is ‘Grain-Free Dog Diets and How to Wean Puppies Grain-Free’.
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